Passive Fire Protection
Every year in the UK there are;
- 325,000 fires resulting in over 400 deaths
- 75% of deaths are in Residential Accommodation
- 14,000 people are seriously injured
- 1500 fires in schools, costing over £80 million in insured damages.
- Property damage exceeding £3.5million a day
- 85% of businesses will be out of business within 12-18 months of a major fire.
One of the best ways to limit damage caused by fire is passive fire protection (PFP) which is built into the fabric of a building to protect it against fire. This involves breaking the space inside a building down into separate compartments, so that the building is constructed as a series of modules which contain fire to its point of origin. If fire can be contained then fire fighters can concentrate on extinguishing it before it spreads, saving life and property. Utilising fire separating components such as fire doors, fire-resistant glass, seals, partitions and ducting, the spread of smoke and flames can be limited. PFP allows the occupants to escape and fire fighters access to fight the fire and get out safely.
PFP also provides a platform for active measures such as sprinklers and smoke alarms. Active and passive protection can therefore work together in an integrated fire strategy. Schools can be particularly vulnerable to fire, often subject to arson when unattended at night, and with large open-plan areas it can make containment difficult. Given the risk to life, the scale of the disruption and the amount of money involved it is important to minimise the effects using PFP.
For further information visit www.pfpf.org